STONY CORALS (Scleractinia)
FORMOSA STAGHORN CORAL (Acropora formosa)
Very common, often the dominant species of lagoons and fringing reefs. Colonies arborescent, forming thickets.
Occur in different colors like cream, brown or blue. Branch ends often pale.
SOLID TABLE CORAL (Acropora clathrata)
The branches of this species form an almost solid plate.
It has a light skeleton, which allow them to grow quickly and to overcome their neighbors.
MUSHROOM CORAL (Fungia fungitis)
Very common species, not attached, on upper reef slopes exposed to surge.
The ridges have triangular teeth.
BRAIN CORAL (Leptoria phrygia)
Mostly occurring in single colonies down to 15 m depth.
ORANGE CUP CORAL (Tubastrea coccinea)
The commonest cup coral seen by divers because it grows in areas exposed to currents and not in caves like the other genus members.
SOFT CORALS & SEA FANS (Alcyoniidae)
GIANT SEA FAN (Anella mollis)
This species has a flexible uni-plane skeleton.
Normally found growing on drop-offs, reaching far out into the open water.
KNOTTED FAN CORAL (Melithaea ochracea)
The colonies are fan-shaped with a thick main stem, dividing in many sub-branches.
The polyps are distributed over the entire surface. Coloration is variable, mainly deep red with white polyps.
Grows on slopes and drop-offs, also on deeper reef terraces. Feeds on micro plankton.
RED WHIP CORAL (Junceella sp.)
Whip-like gorgonians with heavily calcified horny axis. Found in groups on reef slopes.
Sexes are separate, but also asexual reproduction by budding. Buds fall down and grow to become neighbors of the parents.
KLUNZINGERS SOFT CORAL (Dendronephthya klunzingeri)
Wide spread species of soft coral. Red calcareous sclerites show as loosely distributed spines in the translucent body wall.
Coloration pink to violet. On hard substrate, nocturnal plankton feeder.
BLACK CORAL (Antipathes sp.)
They show a variety of branched or whip-like forms, which resemble gorgonians.
The name is derived from the color of the inner skeleton. Living colonies never appear black under water.